Nephrology | Nephrology

Nephrology - Care of the Kidneys

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Disease / Failure

The signs and symptoms of kidney disease/failure vary, depending on whether the condition is acute or chronic. However, only your physician can make an accurate diagnosis.

Acute kidney failure

Acute kidney failure occurs when the kidneys suddenly stop filtering waste products from your blood.
The signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fluid retention
  • Bleeding, often in the stomach or intestines
  • Confusion
  • Seizures
  • Coma


Chronic kidney failure

According to the National Kidney Foundation, almost 20 million adult Americans have chronic kidney disease (1 in 9 adults) and most don’t even know it. More than 20 million are at increased risk of developing it. Over time, chronic kidney failure can lead to congestive heart failure, weak bones, stomach ulcers and damage to the central nervous system. Unfortunately, signs and symptoms often don't appear until irreversible damage has occurred.
They include:

  • Abnormal urine tests
  • High blood pressure
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Anemia
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Malaise or fatigue
  • Headaches that seem unrelated to any other cause
  • Decreased urine output
  • Decreased mental sharpness
  • Muscle twitches and cramps
  • Bleeding in the intestinal tract
  • Yellowish-brown cast to the skin
  • Unusual itching
  • Sleep disorders

End-stage renal disease

End-stage renal disease is the final stage of chronic kidney failure. At this point, kidney function is so poor that either dialysis or kidney transplantation is needed to sustain life. A number of complications may develop with end-stage renal disease, depending on how rapidly it occurs, including:

  • Anemia
  • High blood pressure
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Bone disease
  • Digestive tract problems
  • Loss of mental functioning (dementia)

Treatment Options

Dialysis is the only treatment for kidney failure. It may also be used as a temporary treatment while awaiting transplant.
Learn More About Kidney Dialysis

 Providers in this field:
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Warren Ho MD

Trinity Health is pleased to announce that Dr. Warren Ho has joined our staff of kidney specialists --More--

Nasser Saffarian MD

Dr. Saffarian is a graduate of the American University of the Carribean, British West Indies. He com --More--